projecting from the wall, from which the terrain in front of the
fortification can be fired upon laterally.
between castle wall end main buildings or between any two outer
work, usually in front of a gate; directly connected with the main
castle by walls, passages, etc.
wall or entanglement to hinder the enemy's approach to a line of
gun platform and vaulted interior, equipped mith artillery.
|| also wall-walks.
Covered or open passage on the wallhead of a tower or enclosing
wall, protected by a parapet on the outer side; mostly equipped
with arrow slits, gun ports or ' crenellations.
cannon from the late Middle Ages, hurls stone and iron balls on
a flat trajectory.
of a feudal castle, possibly responsible for both military and
civil administrative duties.
fortress in the Roman era. In the Middle Ages fortifications according
to the Roman tradition.
||Roman army unit,
on foot or horseback, consisting of approx. 1000 men.
|Connecting or double
|| Roughly parallel fortified
walls connecting two fortifications.
of solid parts and the intervals between them along the top of
a parapet, to facilitate firing and provide protection.
|| High and late
medieval arm Made of wood, born or steel, the bow hurls bolts with
the power of an arrow up to a distance of 80-100 m.
|| Late medieval
fieldpiece on a carriage, fires stone and iron balls of approx.
1O cm calibre.
of dating aged wood, according to the principle of counting the
wooden bridge in front of an entrance, which can be raised at the
a wall or parapet, usually for the use of firearms.
a medieval fortress, equipped with defence installations. Falcon.
Ancient piece of artillery, similar to a culvarin, but more powerful.
|| Acquire provisions
in a military post, permanently or for a long time. .
slope in front of a fortress.
built inside a tower in which artillery was positioned for firing
down on the enemy.
|| Late medieval small firearm, ancient predecessor of the musket;
named after a hook on the barrel which cushions the recoil. The
harquebus fires lead balls of 2,5 cm calibre. Larger models and
up to 4 cm calibre can only be fired from a stationary position
and innermost building of the castle, mostly used as living quarters
as it offered the most protection.
openings in the projecting wallwalk or tower for dropping stones,
hot liquid, etc. on the assailants below.
In Bellinzona this name is used to describe the wall erected between
the Castelgrande and the right bank of the River Ticino in the
|| Long barley
erected between an outer and inner castle gate.
|| Small position
for allround defence. Not directly connected to the main fortress.
|| Wall protecting
the defenders from drect fire, as a rule reaching chestlevel.
grating of heavy timber, reinforced with iron bars, which can be
raised and lowered over a gateway.
|| Large gate.
In Bellinzona this is the name given to the gate-tower in the Murata
to the west of Castelgrande.
within the main ramparts. In Bellinzona this word describes the
nucleus round the Torre Bianca on Castelgrande.
with around ground plan.
||Raised masonry elements
built at regular intervals along the top of the parapet, behind
which troops could hide. This form of crenellation, with a split
top reminiscent of a swallow's tail, is sometimes erroneously attributed
to the Ohibellines.
shaft in a fortified wall to protect those throwing stone or hot
liquid. Frequently over a gate.
|| Italian for tower.
|| Italian for
a small tower. In Bellinzona this is the name of the tower finishing
off the ' Murata towards the went.
tower, erected for the observation and supervision of a section